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The Brainmax, discovery and innovation


How does NET/CES work?

For any cell growth to occur there must be an electrical field present. This is usually supplied by the organism but it can be supplemented by an external source such as NET/CES. (NET and CES are the same thing. NET is the name used for the system developed in the UK while in the US the name CES is used) This 'cell growth' includes the physical body. So at a basic level NET stimulates cell growth and that includes repair. It adds to all aspects of cell growth including re balancing the brain and body.

The rational for using NET is that modern society creates all sorts of imbalances and disturbances in the body, brain and nervous system that it was never intended to have to recover from. Alcohol and drug use, continuous flight or fight stress, car accidents and yes, even old age after about 45 years are simply things that our prehistoric ancestors hardly if ever had to deal with. Therefore the use of an additional source of electricity to increase healing become almost necessary, and it is certainly welcome by most people.

N.E.T. is a system that was originally developed in the UK during the mid to late 20th century by Dr. Meg Patterson. The first machine that I developed was similar to Meg Patterson's NET (neuro electric therapy) device which she used almost exclusively to cure drug addiction. Her practice included lots of famous celebrities such as Pete Townsend. It's 80% cure rate far exceeds any other known therapy.

There are a lot of studies of Meg Patterson's and other people's listed on our links page.

How the Brainmax works, in great detail

Until now NET (aka CES) machines were a lot more complicated and much more expensive than the Brainmax. In the US CES machines which are essentially the same thing were almost all limited to using one frequency, 100HZ. They are pretty simple to use. NET machines on the other hand use many frequencies so they are inherently more complex and difficult to operate. For instance if you wanted to treat a meth or coke addict you would want to stimulate the network associated with adrenaline. First you would have to look up in a table the frequency for it and you would find it to be 2000 Hz. Then you would have to dial that frequency into the machine and maybe adjust other parameters to the optimum. This is beyond the skill of the average lay person. In light of the fact that it has been shown that "1 in 4 women can misread a pregnancy test" (when blue means you are pregnant) it should come as no surprise that some people would find a machine with several dials including amplitude, frequency, pulse duration and pulse shape difficult or impossible to operate.

Stuck with making a machine without a lot of confusing dials most NET/CES manufacturers chose to use the most useful frequency, 100Hz. Or else they made a machine that essentially produced a lot of frequencies at once. Neither of these was really a good alternative to the original variable frequency NET machine that produced the incredible 80% cure rate that Meg Patterson obtained. It turned out that frequencies other than 100Hz were essential.

In my work I noticed that 98 % of the time we only used about 6-8 frequencies. So then I built machines that had these 8 frequencies pre selected so all you had to do was turn the switch to one of the 8 positions. That worked out well but there was still the problem with it being expensive what with the frequency generating unit and precision components that were necessary to make it accurate to within ~3% of the stated frequency. 3% is needed so it will fall into the range of frequencies for that neurochemical which usually has a range of about 8-12%. For example the frequency range for endorphins is from about 93-105Hz or about 12% (105-93=12).*

Then I recognized that the frequencies were all in the audio range. Instead of calling the frequencies 30, 96, 315 Hz, etc I could just go musical and call them A#0/Bb0, F#2/Gb2 and D#4/Eb4. I also noticed that the the voltage of the NET machines were a lot higher than what a CD player produced (although the current was much lower). I realized that I could put the frequencies on a cd and then play them back in a CD player with an adapter that raised the voltage and limited the current. I then created electrodes to contact the skin behind the ears. The combination delivered a faithful reproduction of an NET signal.

A good analogy is that the Brainmax reproduces the effects of a normal NET machine as faithfully as a CD player can reproduce an orchestra. It works just as well. It's a faithful reproduction of the original and it sure is a lot cheaper.

The final results are an easy to operate machine which is laid out in great detail below.


CD w/ frequencies


Acupuncture vs Electro acupuncture vs TENS vs NET vs CES vs Electrosleep vs CMS vs ECT
What is it all about?

Acupuncture stimulates certain nerves then activates certain parts of the brain which does different things such as block pain pathway, stimulate organs, etc.

Electro-Acupunture uses electricity to give an extra jolt to the nerve being stimulated. Stick a needle in someone and it hurts. That is what it is supposed to do and thereby stimulate the brain. Put electricity through that needle and it hurts even more. Thereby it stimulates the brain even more.

Next we have TENS. It is a very low frequency, usually .5-2 Hz. Square wave electrical device. It was developed in order to block pain. It's mostly applied across the spine. Normally when a nerve fires ions are exchanged. Typically sodium goes into the nerve and potassium goes out. Then they must return to where they started before the nerve can fire again. TENS moves the ions all around and out their proper location. (I call it confuse-a-cell.) Without the right ions being in the cells they cannot fire. So the pain simply does not get through to the brain. That is how it works. However, some people seem to insist on using TENS in place of CES and NET. Some even do studies claiming that TENS is the same as CES or NET and then they wonder why it fails to deliver. It is nothing like CES or NET.

NET is the same thing as CES and Electrosleep. NET (Neuro Electric Therapy) is the name used in the UK while the name CES (Cranial Electrical Stimulation) is more often used in the US. To add to the confusion the name Electrosleep was used in Russia for this same therapy in the 1950's and 1960's. CES and NET systems tend to use short pulses of about .25-1 millisecond at 1 or 2 milliamps and frequencies from around 30 up to about 2000 Hz. Electrosleep mainly used the lower frequencies. Their pulses were around 10 milliseconds long and their machines went from about 10 to 100 Hz.

These pulses are applied through the head and through the brain. CES and NET from ear to ear or right behind the ears while Electrosleep went from the forehead to the neck. The most commonly used frequency is 100 Hz. It falls on the upper edge of the frequency range that stimulates endorphins (whose response is around 92-104 Hz). This frequency is useful for treating opiate addiction (but 96 Hz is about three times as effective at this as 100 Hz is). The studies show CES potentates morphine 176- 306% and also increases the levels of Endorphins up to 204% so it is easy to see how it can help people get off of heroin and other drugs as well as kill pain.

Other frequencies such as 30 Hz stimulate the GABA network and we use it to treat Benzodiazapine addiction. (It turns out that this frequency also helps most people who have seizures. One English lass went from having weekly seizures to having one every 7 weeks when she used my machine on 30 Hz. It must have impressed her as she later became my girlfriend. And yes she could read a pregnancy test.) 315 Hz stimulates mainly the mitochondria of all cells as well as the dopamine network. It is the best frequency for depression but it does much more than that as it seems to affect many mitochondrial diseases. 2000 Hz corresponds to adrenaline and that frequency is often used for treating both cocaine and meth addiction as well as allergies.

You might notice that the lower frequencies that Electrosleep machines produced stimulated only the sedating networks such as GABA and Endorphins. It reliably zonked out everyone so they named it Electrosleep. Had they had available a machine that produced the higher frequencies that NET and CES use then it would not have zonked everyone out and they probably would have used a different name. Maybe the 'awake machine'.

CMS (Cranial Magnetic Stimulation) uses magnetic fields from large coils of wires to do the same thing as the electricity of NET and CES machines. Magnetic stimulation is almost identical to CES and NET in it's effects, frequencies, time of use and results when it is strong enough. (The problem is that until recently most magnetic machines did not even penetrate the skull and fell far short of stimulating the brain.) When a magnetic field is applied to the brain it produces a flow of electricity identical to that produced by both CES and NET. The main benefit of magnetics is that it does not need electrodes. No electricity is applied to the brain. It is seen as being less invasive. I have written more about magnetic stimulation here for those who are interested.

Electroshock or ECT (Electro Convulsive Therapy) is bad news. And they use lots of other names for it to hide the fact that it is dangerous as all hell. ECT uses .8-.9 amp of current to blast apart brain cells, depression, memories and just about anything else that gets in the way. CES/NET typically uses about 1 milliamp or .001 amp but it is only on typically for about 1/10 of the time so the actual average current is about .0001 amp which is a lot less than the brain produces on it's own and certainly a lot less than the .8 amps that electroshock generates.

Notice the difference. Electroshock puts 10,000 times as much current through the brain as does CES/NET. That is ten times as much juice as is needed to stop your heart (.070 amp) if you put it across your chest. That much electricity can't be good anywhere you put it into a body....except for perhaps to a persons body who is on death row.

It's the difference between using enough electricity to light a light bulb or burn it out. Only it is not a light bulb, it is your brain that either gets lit up (by CES/NET) or burned out (by ECT).

These numbers will mean nothing to you if you don't know what the brain is used to. How much is helpful and how much is harmful? For that let's talk about power or watts which is the sum of the voltage and the amps (W=VxA). The brain produces 5- 12 watts of electricity depending on your reference source. The CD player that produces NET pulses is rated at 15 miliwatts per channel or .030 watts total. That means the maximum that NET can deliver to the brain is an anemic 1/200-1/400 of what the brain even produces on it's own. That is hardly a threat to anyone.


How is the Brainmax actually used?

The person puts the headset on with the electrodes touching behind their ears and goes through the 8 tracks on the CD. When they feel a 'high' or a feeling of well being they have located a frequency that works for them (and consequently a neurochemical that they are lacking).

Then when they have finished all the tracks they will know which frequencies work for them. Then they should go back to those tracks one at a time and use them until they feel balanced.

All they need to do is put the CD player on 'repeat track' so that it continues with that frequency for 30 minutes or so.

Their new feeling of well being, the high or strong sense of satisfaction is caused by a rapid increase of the body's neurochemicals to a high normal level from a low level. It is almost always felt as intoxicating to some degree. Each track is labeled with the neurochemical which it stimulates as well as the frequency such as '1. Endorphins (96Hz)'. Note that if you have normal neurochemical levels then the Brainmax is not going to increase them very much. Hence you will not normally feel any effect from the Brainmax on any of the frequencies. The Brainmax was not made for you.

It is as simple as that.

Note: If you bought the Brainmax because you thought that you have an imbalance or lack of neurochemicals and have tried it yet felt nothing then you have no imbalance of the neurochemistry. You should seriously consider returning it under the warrantee and receiving you money back (plus $5 for postage).

However, if you are under the influence of any drug then you will also probably not feel a 'high'. As one junkie who I treated said about using the Brainmax when she was on a large dose of Heroin 'it is like pissing in the ocean'.

If you are going through withdrawals then the Brainmax will lessen or fully eliminate the withdrawals but most likely it will not give you a 'high' or even a strong feeling of satisfaction.

The normalization and hence the 'high' for a single use of the Brainmax is somewhat permanent. It is usually maximal after about an hour of treatment (except for the stimulant frequencies which require less time). Then after a few days the person begins to feel less 'high' and just feels like they are normal, often for the first time in many years. It is interesting to watch a person go from thinking they are 'high' to realizing that they are supposed to feel that good all of the time.

Some of the effects wear off after about two days, perhaps half of them, so the treatment should be repeated.

I have drawn a very crude (I used the mouse) freehand graphical representation of the effects of the Brainmax on a person who is highly deficient in endorphins. This person started out with only about 25% of normal endorphin activity. On first using a NET machine their Endorphins go high, far above normal. Then after the first treatment the level drops off to below normal, to perhaps half way between where they were to begin with and normal. Each time they use the Brainmax their endorphin base level gets closer to 100%.

After about ten treatments of a hour each most people's endorphin level are pretty near normal and their body's chemical balance is restored.

In theory they should not need to use the machine ever again. However, it does not usually hold. If a person reintroduces the same (or other) stressors that caused their endorphins to shut down then the same thing is going to happen again. This type of person will obviously need to use the machine again. People inevitably seem to want to reintroduce stressors back into their life. That is unfortunately but it usually happens at least several times. Usually after a while they realize that they should not be doing that to them selves and stop. The typical person seems to end up using the Brainmax about once a month to once every six months until they have gone through about five cycles. Then they change their lifestyle and don't go through that s..t they put themselves through anymore.

That is all there is to it. Arguably, using the Brainmax is even simpler than playing a song on a CD player.

The 8 Frequencies that are most commonly used:

The first frequency (30 Hz) corresponds to the neurochemical GABA and is associated with sedation and tranquility. It offsets or reduces withdrawals to minor tranquilizers and sedatives such as Valium and Barbiturates.(1)

49 Hz is also a common frequency that calms many people.

Another low frequency is an endorphin frequency (70 Hz) but this endorphin frequency more often corresponds to THC use more than opiates. It's been very useful for eliminating the spacy aftereffects of heavy marijuana use. It also seems to remove many of the bad side effects of medical marijuana use and patients even refer to it as causing a 'clearer high' when used in conjunction with medical marijuana.

96 Hz is the primary endorphin frequency. It takes the place of 100HZ which most other NET manufacturers use. We use 93 Hz because the higher frequency was often found to cause slight headaches. About one third of all the Americans who we tested 93 Hz on reacted favorably to this frequency with noticeable relaxation and a feeling of well being. Normal day to day stress in our society seems to have suppressed endorphin production in perhaps 100 million Americans! A person who is drawn to opiates or alcohol is lacking Endorphins. They will inevitably feel a high when they first use this frequency unless they are under the influence of a drug which seems to cloak the effects of NET. Both opiate drugs and the Brainmax compensate for a lack of endorphins, the drugs do it by substituting for them while the Brainmax does it the right way by stimulating the production of them.

Higher frequencies, in the hundreds of Hz range contain several mood elevating frequencies corresponding to Serotonin and probably Adrenaline. About one fifth of all Americans react favorably to one of these frequencies (315 Hz). Often even when they deny it is helping them they have a huge grin on their face that just won't go away. About half of Americans over the age of 55 react to this frequency and can certainly use it. It speeds up those who are older and have slowed down a bit due to advanced age. It's been called the 'frequency of youth' and is a real fountain of youth. It also helps many people loose weight because it can reset the body's weight-set-point towards normal. It's also useful in quitting smoking. [Note: Recently I was looking at a list of 'borderline mitochondria deficiency diseases' (which I have since misplaced) when I realized they were the same symptoms as 315 Hz cured. Suddenly I had discovered what 315 Hz did. It did not stimulate a neurochemical network as the other frequencies did. It stimulated the mitochondria itself to a high level of activity.] Almost whenever the 96 HZ endorphin frequency is used this frequency is needed afterwards. It seems whenever Endorphins are reduced so are other neurochemicals and when Endorphin production is stimulated this system must also be stimulated.

2000 Hz is a frequency related to adrenaline. It's used mainly for helping people get off of cocaine and amphetamine. Though most of the other frequencies require several sessions to get a great response often a single session of 20 minutes at 2,000 Hz will worked wonders for those addicted to stimulants. This frequency is also often related to allergies. (Though in asthma the greatest effect was seen with the endorphin frequencies using electrodes placed on the front and back of the chest. A threshold seems to be raised in about half of the asthma patients that have used the Brainmax. It greatly diminished the number of attacks they had. However, little effect was seen with the severity of their attacks.*)

175 Hz is a new frequency that many people have found useful. It seems to involve both endorphins and serotonin. It is a strange one who no one seems to be able to adequately describe. It seems to help organize thinking and cause an increase in level headed thinking as well.

In practice a person simply uses each frequency until it no longer gives them results then they move on to another, etc.

1.Cooper IS, Riklan M, Snider RS, eds. The Cerebellum, Epilepsy and Behavior. New York: Plenum Press, 1974.


*Although the range is from 92 to 105 for Endorphins, 100Hz and above causes temporary headaches in many people. We also found that 93 and 96Hz was a stronger stimulant of Endorphins than 100Hz so we use one of them instead. If you have a CES machine and sometimes get headaches when using it then now you know why.


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